Deriving from the Latin super sanum, or “super healthy”, the name of this Lower Salento village is thought to refer to the healthfulness of its Belvedere Forest, clean air and mild climate. This is most likely why the area has been inhabited for millennia, as witnessed by ancient caves on the outskirts of the town with remnants dating back to prehistoric times. One of the most important archeological relics of Supersano is the Crypt of the Madonna of Coelimanna, part of a settlement of Basilian monks that dates back to the Byzantine period.
The town is also known for its numerous masserie or typical farmhouses dating back to the 16th and 17th century, testament to the colonial legacy of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies. They are large stone structures originally built with stalls for animals and areas to store crops, and were widespread throughout Puglia and Sicily. Fortunately, many are still active today as traditional, family-run restaurants, and will generally produce everything they serve on their menu from scratch to allow diners to savor traditional fare in a slow-food setting.